- Bose was born on 23rd January, 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa, British Province to Janakinath Bose (also known as ‘Rai bahadur’), an eminent advocate and Prabhavati Bose.
- He had his schooling at the Ravenshaw Collegiet School Cuttack. His actions were focused when he was sacked out from the Presidency College in 1911 (pursuing B.A. in Philosophy), Kolkata for assaulting ‘Prof. Oaten’ for his anti-Indian comments. He then completed his graduations from the University of Calcutta and further got himself admitted to Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge to appear in the ICS examinations.
- He cracked the ICS examinations in 1920 with a 4th rank and but did not continue his reputed govt. job and resigned from the office in 1921 as he believed that the service for the Indian people and the British Govt. at the same time was impossible.
- He joined the Indian National Congress in the 1920s and was sent to prison by the British at ‘Mandalaya’ due his nationalistic approach for India.
- He was appointed as the President of the Indian National Congress in 1938 where he was designated as ‘NETAJI’ by Bapu but was later ousted from the Congress leadership following differences of opinion with the Mahatma and the Congress High Command.
- He was again sent to the jail in 1940 for creating massive Civil Disobedience but had to be released soon as Netaji planned a hunger strike in prison in Nov 29, 1940 which could have outraged his followers in India.
- After being on house arrest, he told his family members that he want renunciation from the world and become a ‘sanyas’ and that no one visit his room for the next fifteen days as regards customary rules. With this excuse, he fled away from his house and appeared as Mohd. Jiahuddin, an insurance agent to cross Indian borders.
- He planned to reach Moscow through Afghanistan and take Russian support for the Indian freedom. He reached Kabul in Jan 27,1941 where he had to reside as a mute tribal Pathan named Jiahuddin Khan at Afghanistan as he lacked communication with the Russian Embassy.
- He then managed to the German Embassy where he was suggested to stay at ‘Shor Bazar’in Afghanistan, where he resided in the house of ‘Uttamchand Malhotra’.
- On March 18, 1941, surprisingly the Italian Embassy in Afghanistan has provided Bose with a passport which showed his name as ‘Orlando Mazzoto’ to accompany his way to Germany through Russia and Rome.
- In December 7, 1941, Japan attacked the Pearl Harbor and was directly engaged in war with the Americans. Japan also promised to rescue Indian soldiers at their prisons and contribute towards Indian Freedom by helping to form the Indian National Army (INA) under the surveillance of Raj Bihari Bose.
- Bose was married to Emilie Schenklin Vienan, whom he had appointed as his secretary to help him out in his proceedings and later had a daughter named Anita Bose Pfaff.
- They had their marriage on Indian rituals with promises taken before the sacred fire, but was having difficulties to get their marriage registered as nothing in German could happen against the will of the Hitler, who was strictly against mix marriages.
- He bade good bye to Emilie in December 6, 1942 and started his journey to march to India.
- He met Hitler on 27th August 1942 and discussed ways to liberate India and asked him for the rescue of the Indian prisoners of war at Germany. He was well aware that his objects were not the same as the Nazis. He needed unity with both the Russians and the Germans, where the Germans were planning to occupy and attack over Russia.
- As Russia was under attack now, he changed his route and planned to enter India through Japan, where the Germans assisted him in a submarine despite of attacks all around in existence of the World War II.
- He formed the Azad Hind Fauj in 21st October, 1943 by winning the confidence of the prisoners and also the Indian British soldiers to fight for their own motherland and not for the British.
- In May 6, 1943, he reached Indonesia from Germany where he was received warmly and in July 4, 1943,he attended the Cathay Cinema Hall where he took over the control of the Indian National League and the Azad Hind Fauj.
- On July 9, 1943, he met the officers of the INA and suggested and motivated them to unite the 3,00,000 Indians from Singapore, Malaysia, Burma to unite in the Azad hind Fauj.
- He also urged the women to contribute the same in the freedom struggle and formed the Rani Jhansi Brigade in 1943 in Rangoon, Burma under the command of captain Laxmi Swaminathan( a nurse by profession).
- On January, 1944 the Jhansi Brigade had wrote letters with their blood to Bose to allow them to head to the front and finally got the approval.
- In 1944, they crossed the Chindwin river crossing on their way to Kohima, with their final destination set towards Delhi.
- On 6, 1944, the soldiers reached Kohima Pass and kissed the Indian soil with Indian flag. The national hoisted in Moirang.
- The Japanese Govt. were not providing the complete support to the Indian troops and thus they were suffering from malaria, hunger and bad weather conditions. They did not even provide the proper transportation services that they promised to the Indian troops and thus Indians suffered a mass delay in their operations.
- Japan was also intended to invade Imphal, which was not the agenda of Bose. His only object was to liberalize India and was firm to his specific decisions.
- Finally, the Indian troops had to head back to Rangoon from their fronts due to shortage of food supplies and ammunitions.
- To strengthen his army, Bose also urged for the support of the Burmese people and increased his army men and also said that the Andaman and Nicobar islands are to be called ‘Shahid’ and ‘Swaraj’.
- In March 19, 1945, on the way to mount Popa, Indian troops were heavily defeated by the British tanks due to lack of appropriate weapons.
- In April 23,1945,he requested the Rani of Jhansi Brigade to give away their weapons as the was getting fierce and the Indians also lacked any air support which was their major drawback. The Japanese further denied any railway transportation support to drop them on which Netaji himself assisted the members of the Brigade to fall back.
- In August 11, 1945, on the news that America has again dropped nuclear havoc at Hiroshima after Nagasaki, it was obvious that was no longer to be pleaded for any help as they were themselves in massive trouble. It was no longer safe for Netaji and his army to be in Singapore anymore.
- He asked to disband the Azad Hind Fauj but reminded them at the same time that the war and their contributions were not yet over. They may be recalled according to the time and necessities.
In August 17, 1945 he left from the Saigon Airport with one of his official, Habibur Rahman but has never set foot on any ground. Although most of the theories has said his death in the plane crash, yet it is yet to be confirmed the actual cause of such a great demise.